Solar panel technology has progressed dramatically over the years, and a variety of innovative solar panels are now being introduced in the market. However, when you assess your solar panel choices, you will find two major types of solar panels – Monocrystalline solar panels and Polycrystalline solar panels.
Both these categories of solar panels are convenient choices that have been in use for years. But before making your buying decision, you must evaluate the differences between monocrystalline vs polycrystalline solar panels accurately.
What Are Monocrystalline And Polycrystalline Solar Panels?
Both monocrystalline and polycrystalline solar panels serve a similar purpose in the solar PV system – they capture the sun’s energy and convert it into electricity. Additionally, both these solar panels are made from silicon, which is an easily obtainable and very durable element.
There are many top solar panel companies in India that manufacture both monocrystalline and polycrystalline modules. Since both these solar panels can be great choices for your home, there are some key differences that you should be aware of before making your final solar purchase decision.
Monocrystalline Solar Panels
Monocrystalline solar panels are usually thought of as premium solar products. The main advantages of single crystal panels are higher performance and smoother appearance. To make solar cells for monocrystalline solar panels, Mono PERC Solar Module manufacturers mold silicon into bars and cut it into thin wafers. These types of solar panels are known as “Monocrystalline” which means that the silicon used is single-crystal silicon.
For the reason that the cell is composed of a single crystal, the electrons that generate current have greater freedom of movement. Therefore, monocrystalline solar modules are more efficient than polycrystalline solar modules.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels
Polycrystalline solar panels usually have lower efficiency as compared to monocrystalline solar panel options, but they are more cost-effective. In addition, polycrystalline solar modules tend to have a blue tint, rather than the black tint of single crystal modules.
Polycrystalline solar modules are also made of silicon. However, solar panel manufacturers do not use single crystal silicon but melt multiple pieces of silicon to make solar panel wafers. Polycrystalline solar modules are also called “multi-crystalline,” or “many-crystal silicon”. Since there are many crystals in each cell, the freedom of movement of electrons is very small. Therefore, the efficiency of polycrystalline solar modules is lower than that of monocrystalline solar modules.
Comparison: Monocrystalline Vs. Polycrystalline solar panels
To choose between the monocrystalline vs. polycrystalline solar panels, you should evaluate them according to the following parameters:
Monocrystalline solar modules will be relatively more expensive than polycrystalline solar modules. You need to conduct a thorough cost-benefit analysis and budget in order to make a decision that suits you.
High efficiency is one of the main advantages of monocrystalline solar modules. These products are made of the highest quality silicone, which has a single-crystal structure. Therefore, the current in these cells has the smallest resistance. On the other hand, one of the benefits of polycrystalline solar panels is their lower price, but their efficiency is also because of their reduced silicon purity.
When you compare the initial installation costs between monocrystalline vs. polycrystalline solar panels, the average lifespan of each module should also be considered. Mono PERC Solar Module manufacturers usually provide a 25-year warranty due to the longer lifespan of the solar panel. On this factor of lifespan, polycrystalline solar panels are not very different, but the warranty period provided by the solar panel manufacturing companies may vary.
In warm weather, due to their higher temperature coefficient, monocrystalline solar panels can provide higher efficiency. The output deprivation in monocrystalline panels is lower as the temperature increases. If you live in an area with long and warm summers, please consider the temperature coefficient of the solar panel you choose.
The attractive physical appearance of the solar panels depends on a person’s sense of aesthetics. But many users find the speckled blue hue of polycrystalline silicon is not very pleasing to the eyes. Therefore, they may prefer monocrystalline solar panels because they find that the appearance of monocrystalline solar panels is more similar and therefore more beautiful.
Your home deserves the best that solar technology offers nowadays at a reasonable cost. You can achieve that if you consider the unique features, suitability, and pros and cons of several solar panel options available.
With various Mono PERC Solar Module Suppliers in Jaipur, it is extremely important that you choose a well-known solar panel manufacturer such as Insolation Energy to install the high-efficiency solar module for you. Going with a high-quality solar panel manufacturer makes sure that you’re installing a great product on your roof, irrespective of the type of panel it is.